Thyroid Center

Thyroid diseases can affect your overall health: mood, weight, energy, sleep and concentration. The Vanderbilt Thyroid Center offers comprehensive treatment for thyroid conditions including thyroid cancer, hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, goiter and thyroid nodules. We provide thyroid biopsies, testing, surgical and non-surgical procedures, and medical management for thyroid disorders.

Thyroid Center: Why Choose Vanderbilt 

  • Collaborative care: Because thyroid disorders can involve different areas of the body, our thyroid specialists work together to evaluate your symptoms and provide treatment options that improve your well-being.  
  • Expertise in routine and complex thyroid disorders: Our team of experts are specially trained to diagnose and treat thyroid disorders and advanced thyroid cancer. Our specialists from endocrinology, oncology, surgery, radiology and pathology meet biweekly in meetings called tumor boards. We review cases together and create a personalized treatment plan for each patient. You can be confident that our team will meet your needs. 
  • Nationally recognized care: U.S. News & World Report ranks Vanderbilt University Medical Center as a High Performing Hospital for diabetes and endocrinology, recognizing our advanced treatments and exceptional patient outcomes. Vanderbilt University Medical Center is ranked the #1 adult hospital in Tennessee and metropolitan Nashville.
  • Innovative research: As an academic medical center, our researchers are dedicated to pioneering new and more effective treatments. Our doctors and other team members help develop the treatment guidelines others follow. We serve on committees of the International Thyroid Oncology GroupAmerican Thyroid Association and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). We also offer clinical trials (research studies) for advanced thyroid cancer. You may have access to treatments before they are widely available.

Conditions We Treat

  • Abnormal thyroid levels during pregnancy
  • Autoimmune thyroid disease
  • Graves’ disease
  • Hashimoto’s disease
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN2)
  • Simple goiter (enlarged thyroid)
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Thyroid hormone disorders
  • Thyroid nodules

Tests We Offer

  • Computed tomography (CT) scan uses X-rays to get cross-sectional images of the body and thyroid, checking its location and size for cancerous activity.
  • Thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy uses a thin needle to remove a small sample of tissue and fluid from your thyroid. This takes 10 to 15 minutes and uses a local anesthetic so you won’t feel any discomfort. The sample is sent for analysis.
  • Nuclear thyroid scan helps determine the cause of abnormal thyroid function. This makes the thyroid cells easy to see on the radioactive detector, a special camera, that will take images of your thyroid, its outline, shape and position.  
  • Radioactive iodine whole body scan uses a very small, harmless amount of radioactive iodine injected into a vein or given to you as a pill. The iodine is absorbed by thyroid cells. This makes any cancerous thyroid cells that have spread elsewhere in the body easy to find. 
  • Thyroid function tests are used to see if your thyroid gland is working properly. Blood tests may include thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroid hormone levels, free thyroxine (free T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). 
  • Antibody tests measure the amount of thyroid antibodies in your blood to help diagnose and monitor (autoimmune) thyroid diseases. Tests may include thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and anti-thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI).
  • Thyroid ultrasound uses sound waves to look for thyroid structure abnormalities. The sound waves send signals from your thyroid to a computer that creates an image of your thyroid, any nodules and lymph nodes. An ultrasound may also be used to help guide a biopsy needle into a thyroid nodule or swollen lymph node.

Treatments We Offer

  • Anti-thyroid medicine
  • Beta-blockers
  • Chemotherapy 
  • Radioactive iodine ablation
  • Surgery
  • Targeted therapy
  • Thyroid hormone replacement therapy

Thyroid Center Care Team

Endocrinologists


Surgeons


Medical Oncologists