Travel Clinic / Travel-Related Illnesses / Malaria and Insect-Borne Illness

Malaria and Insect-Borne Illness

The Vanderbilt Travel Clinic is offering the Yellow Fever vaccine and will continue to carry this vaccine through 2019.
In addition, we are now offering the cholera vaccine.

Malaria is a serious, sometime fatal, disease transmitted through mosquito bites. There are currently no vaccines available for Malaria, but medications are available which help prevent infection.

Malaria Symptoms

  • Recurrent Chills
  • High Fever
  • Sweating
  • Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Symptoms may not appear for 7 -14 days after contact and in some cases can re-occur up to a year

How Can I Prevent Malaria?

  • Take your malaria prophylaxsis medication as prescribed
  • Wear insect repellant that containts 20%-30% DEET.
  • Remain in well-screened areas during evening and night hours
  • Sleep under mosquito netting
  • Wear Light Colored clothing, covering arms and legs
  • Avoid perfume, toilet water, and scented after-shave lotion

Other Illnesses from Insects include Japanese Encephalitis which is transmitted by mosquitoes. Transmission occurs in Asia in rural agricultural settings. Risk is rare for travelers who confine their travel to urban areas and very low for short-term rural travelers. There is a vaccine available for travelers who may be at risk.

Japanese Encephalitis Symptoms:

  • Fever with headache (for milder infections)

More severe infections produce symptoms such as:

  • Quick onset, headache
  • High fever
  • Neck stiffness
  • Confusion, lack of coordination
  • Coma
  • Tremors or occasional convulsions (especially in infants)

Other Insect-borne Illness

Insect transmitted diseases vary in different parts of the world. To learn more about the potential disease you may encounter in the area you are traveling, please contact a Vanderbilt Travel Clinic specialist.