Follow these tips to prevent a fire emergency.
- Install smoke alarms on each level of your home and outside each sleeping area.
- Test smoke alarms regularly each month by pushing the "test button" (use a broom handle or stick to test alarms that are too high, or ask someone to help you).
- If the alarms have batteries, replace the batteries at least twice a year. If an alarm is "chirping," this means that the battery is low and needs changing.
- Clean alarms with a vacuum cleaner, without removing the cover from the alarm.
- Never remove an alarm battery because it sounds off while you're cooking.
- If a battery-operated smoke alarm is more than ten years old, replace the unit with a new one.
- Develop an escape plan with two ways out of every room. Practice the plan, keeping in mind your physical abilities. Children as young as 3 years old can learn an escape plan.
- Keep all exits clear.
- Keep glasses, medicines, a telephone, a flashlight and walking aids close to your bed.
- Have a visible address on your home.
- Know your emergency contact phone number (911 or other).
If a fire happens:
- STAY CALM and use your escape plan.
- If the door is hot to the touch, do not open it. Fire and deadly smoke are on the other side of the door. Instead, use your alternate exit.
- When escaping through smoke, crawl low to the ground, if possible, where it is easier to breathe. Smoke rises in a fire and contains deadly gases. Even one breath can make you pass out.
- If you're in a multi-story building when fire occurs, use the stairs. Do not use the elevator.
- Once outside the building, call or be sure that someone has called your emergency number (911 or another) from a neighbor's house, a cell phone or a cordless phone. Listen and give the information needed (name, address, location of fire, etc.) as calmly as possible.
- If in a group residence setting, once outside, count to make sure everyone is out. If someone is missing, tell firefighters where the person is, if known.
What if my clothes catch fire?
- If your clothing catches fire, STOP (do not run) DROP (to the ground) and ROLL (around to smother the flames)
- If you cannot Stop, Drop and Roll, smother the flames with a towel or blanket.
- Remove clothing over burns and call for medical help.