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The Vanderbilt Center for Cartilage Repair and Osteochondritis Dissecans Treatment is one of the few clinics in the nation dedicated to cartilage repair, and it is the first in the world to focus on osteochondritis dissecans (OCD), a rare condition in which a fragment of bone and cartilage separates, causing pain, swelling and mechanical issues. It occurs most commonly in the knee, but is also found in the ankle, hip and elbow.
In addition to OCD treatment, the Cartilage Center treats focal cartilage problems with procedures including:
- Autologous chondrocyte implantation or ACI (filling a defect with millions of cells grown from a small piece of the patient's own cartilage)
- Osteochondral autograft transfer or OAT (moving cartilage and bone from a less important part of the knee to a defect in a more critical area)
- Osteochondral allograft transplantation (taking cartilage and bone from a cadaver donor to fill a large defect)
- Microfracture (making small holes in the bone to stimulate cartilage growth)
- Meniscal transplantation (replacing the shock absorber in the knee with one from a cadaver donor)
The Cartilage Center is in the Vanderbilt Orthopaedic Institute on Vanderbilt University Medical Center’s main campus. Appointments can be scheduled by calling (615) 343-9430.