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Otolaryngology

Acoustic neuroma is a noncancerous tumor that may develop from an overproduction of Schwann cells that press on the hearing and balance nerves in the inner ear.

Hearing aids are electronic or battery-operated devices that can amplify and change sound. A microphone receives the sound and converts it into sound waves. The sound waves are then converted into electrical signals.

Detailed information on aphasia, including cause, diagnosis, types, and treatment

Audiologists address hearing and balance problems in people of all ages. They also help with the fitting and management of hearing aids.

Detailed information on balance disorders, including acoustic neurinoma and Ménière's disease

Detailed information on deviated septum and septoplasty, a reconstructive plastic surgery performed to correct an improperly formed nasal septum

In addition to hearing aids, many other devices are available to help improve communication in daily life. These range from telephone amplifiers to visual alarm systems.

Detailed information on ear, nose, and throat disorders, including hearing disorders, balance disorders, smell disorders, taste disorders, chemosensory disorders, speech disorders, voice disorders, language disorders, vocal cord disorders, and laryngeal cancer.

Detailed information on otitis external (swimmer's ear), including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

The ear consists of three areas—the outer, middle, and inner ear. The nose is the organ of smell and is part of the peripheral nervous system. The throat is a ring-like muscular tube that acts as the passageway for air, food, and liquid.

Detailed information on the most common types of hearing disorders, including hearing loss, presbycusis, tinnitus, usher syndrome, and noise-induced hearing loss

In some people, hearing loss can be surgically corrected. For others, medical devices and rehabilitation therapies often can help reduce hearing loss.

Detailed information on ear, nose, and throat disorders, including hearing disorders, balance disorders, smell disorders, taste disorders, chemosensory disorders, speech disorders, voice disorders, language disorders, vocal cord disorders, and laryngeal c

Detailed information on ear infections, including otitis externa (swimmer's ear) and otitis media

Detailed information on the most common types of language disorders, including aphasia and Landau-Kleffner syndrome

Detailed information on laryngeal cancer (cancer of the larynx), including symptoms, cause, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment

Meniere's disease is a balance disorder caused by an abnormality found in a section of the inner ear called the labyrinth.

When the ears are exposed to extremely loud noises, or to prolonged loud noises, inner ear structures can be damaged, leading to noise-induced hearing loss.

List of online resources to find additional information on ear, nose, and throat disorders

Detailed information on ear, nose, and throat disorders, including Bell's palsy, deviated septum, sinusitis, snoring, tonsillitis, and ear infections

Detailed information on otitis media, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention

Otolaryngology is the medical specialty that focuses on medical and surgical treatment for patients who have disorders of the ear, nose, throat, and related structures.

Presbycusis is the gradual loss of hearing that occurs as people age. One in three older adults older than 60 has hearing loss. Half of people older than 75 have hearing loss.

Detailed information on sinusitis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

Detailed information on ear, nose, and throat disorders

Detailed information on smell and taste disorders, including types, causes, diagnosis, and treatment

Detailed information on snoring, including causes, prevention, and treatment

Detailed information on spasmodic dysphonia, including types, causes, diagnosis, and treatment

Tinnitus is the sound of ringing, roaring, buzzing, or clicking that occurs inside the head. The sounds may come and go, be continuous, occur in one or both ears, and vary in pitch.

Detailed information on tonsillitis, including causes, symptoms, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment

Detailed information on ears and airplane travel, ear wax, and ear cleaning

Detailed information on the most common vocal cord disorders, including laryngitis, vocal nodules, vocal polyps, vocal cord paralysis, contact ulcers, and laryngeal papillomatosis

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