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The Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccine can prevent measles. This vaccine is given to children after age 1 and again between ages 4 and 6.
Measles is a viral disease that causes an itchy rash. Usually, the rash appears on the face first and moves down the body.
Measles can also cause brain disorders and inflammation of the spinal cord. It can also cause a fatal condition 7-10 years after infection called subacute sclerosing panencephalitis. For these reasons, vaccination against measles is very important.
A related condition is Transverse Myelitis.
Usually, measles can be diagnosed with a physical exam. A blood test can confirm the diagnosis.
- Runny nose
- Pink eye
There is no cure for measles. It takes about two weeks for the virus to run its course. During that time, it is important to drink plenty of fluids and rest. Sometimes, measles leads to other problems, including:
Rarely, it causes an infection in the brain that requires antibiotic treatment.